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Wednesday, 12 July 2017


27-28 June, 2017
Babcock University, Ilishan remo, Nigeria


The opening ceremony started with a word from the Bible, and an opening prayer by the SAT Chaplain Pastor Azorondu. He spoke about the need to make research meaningful for the benefit of mankind and to the glory of God.

The welcome address was delivered on behalf of the Vice Chancellor Prof Stephen Ademola Tayo, by the COS, Pastor Dr Audu. In it the Vice Chancellor pledged his continued support for the department and research in Microbiology and other sciences in the University. He praised the School of Science and Technology for the outing which is the first of its kind in Nigeria. He reminded the youth about the great responsibility on their shoulder at this critical moment in Nigeria s history.

The keynote address with the topic, “Advances in Microbiology in the 21st century - where do we belong’’ was delivered by Prof Folarin Oguntoyinbo from the University of Lagos. He mentioned the various areas where microbiology imparts on humanity and highlighted how the young microbiologists in Nigeria can leverage on existing environment to be relevant. Microbiological inputs in Agriculture, Environment, Food  and Medicine  still have green fields yet to be tapped. The molecular approach in microbiology makes it now more attractive, he said.  Prof Oguntoyinbo also emphasized the role of networking, awareness and capacity- building in making the discipline more acceptable and beneficial to the Nigerian society. Prof S O Fapohunda chaired the session.


Chairperson - Dr Chioma Chikere (Environmental Microbiology and Microbial Technology)

The first paper took the audience through the role of microbes in the degradation of iron ore. It was a 30 min presentation of research carried out in South Africa by Prof Rasheed Adeleke and his team. It revealed the ability of some bacteria in bio-hydrometallurgy. The bioremediation of polluted hydrocarbon impacted sites in were made in two presentations. While Ezekoye and his team confirmed the use of metabolic fingerprinting and illumina MiSEQ in achieving this, Adeyemo et al exploited the ability of fungi to achieve same. The session ended with the presentation of Somorin and others on the persistence of E coli in the environment in response to the role of general growth stress response regulator RpoS


Chairperson- Dr Obinna Nwinyi

This is a Food and Agricultural Microbiology session. Presentations  ranged from  Bacterial diversity in the fermentation of Parkia biglobosa  to produce iru (Adewumi) through mycotoxin surveillance in ground nuts as found in Nigeria markets(Oyedele et al) to the studies on the fermentation of fluted pumpkin  with the probiotic Pediococcus pentosaceus(Adesina and Oluwafemi)

        Day 1 also witnessed 2 workshops 

1. Research Collaboration anchored by Prof Adeleke. It discussed the components of a research team and all the ingredients of a successful collaborative effort.

2 Writing award winning grant proposals was facilitated by Dr Somorin. It looked into why some proposals are rejected and some accepted. The workshop also underlined the need for currency and collaboration.

Break out groups were formed where critical issues were raised, linkages struck and gaps filled. The facilitators were Drs Emmanuel Odjajare, Chioma Chikere and Obinna Nwinyi  

                                             Group Picture of delegates at the conference 

DAY 2 - 28 June 2017

Chairperson – Prof Adebukola Omemu

She spoke about the life and times of Dr Mojisola Edema particularly as a food safety enthusiast and activist The lecture was titled Mojisola Edema Memorial lecture.

The speaker Dr. Jeff Agboola spoke on the ‘Mentoring and Gender factor in research for development’. She spoke about Mrs Edema as Mother of Green Revolution in Nigeria. Types of mentoring, Gender responsive to proposal writing, Focus of calls from donor agencies, reason for conference/workshop attendance, She included responsive men ( and not only women) in the whole scheme of gender sensitivity. All proposals should solve a current challenge in the society.

The second presentation by Dr Tosin Somorin on the concept of disciplines and sub discipline - in microbiology  and the need to integrate one in another and/or encouraging interconnectivity showcasing some overlaps. This has been deployed in areas like solar panels, biomimicry, genetic algorithm and biotechnology and practical terms, toilet facility

The workshop on’ Publishing high impact papers in microbiology’ was delivered by Dr C Ezekiel. He gave reasons for publishing, steps for publication, level of research intervention or what it is set out to address, any gaps to be filled. The need for collaboration was stressed and defined the roles of each contributor, level of support are also relevant in publishing. The need to handle planning, consumables data and ethical issues are adequately was stressed. All issues on plagiarism and journal style are expected to be mastered.

The Session on Medical and Diagnostic Microbiology was chaired by Prof Iruka Okeke

1. Aladenika  confirmed the sero-prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii IgG on ophthalmic patients at the Federal Medical Centre Owo particularly  among those aged 40 and above and did not respect gender. There were both active and dormant cases of opportunistic toxoplasmosis in the study area.

2. The second presentation talked about the bacterial profile of the phyllosphere of Ficus thonningii , a medicinal plant. It was by Oaikhena. This investigation was about the family distribution of the detected isolates. There are 10 bacterial family with the phylogenetic tree also presented. Many were Gram negative and there were a few novel species about 7 in number that are pigmented /bacteriocin producers e.g  Aquabacterium species . It concluded that many of them dominated by Enterobacteriaceae and culturable.

3. Oyinloye talked about the power and prowess of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from cattle faeces in Ado Ekiti. Listeria has 14 species with the intra cellular parasite, L. monocytogenes being the ready food borne candidate for pathogenesis. Tests on Wistar rats confirmed their pathogenic prowess through various expressions on some vital organs. The study shows the need for proper identity of isolates used in bacteriology as a few earlier believed identified were later rechristened after molecular trip through them. The study also discouraged the use of animal dung as a source of manure.

4. The effect of Lactobaccilus products on biofilm formation by Streptococcus agalactiae   common in the GI and UG tracts, was by Azuama. The organism survives the harsh situation of the vagina through the formation of biofilm.It s a biological control attempt targeted at S agalactiae. ect of temperature on biofilm   formation. At   -200C the highest inhibitory effect was recorded. Biofilm formation is temperature and pH –dependent. The probiotic Lactobacillus can serve as an alternative for the conventional antibiotic for S. agalactiae.

The session on Microbial genomics and Industrial microbiology chaired by Dr Emmanuel Odjajare

1. The metagenomic sequence of analysis of bacterium communities in soy dadawa condiment was studied and reported by Ezeokoli . Samples were taken from Benue state for analysis. The dominant phylum is the Fermicutes.  Six site- specific volatile compounds were found with Staphylococcus and Bacillus being very common species not previously reported were also discovered and can be used as starter cultures.

2. Ogunremi spoke on the screening and characterization of extracellular phytase from probiotic yeasts isolated from some cereal based foods. Phytase is not secreted by monogastrics like man. Yeast now being considered as probiotics because among other attributes, have a versatile enzyme profile e.g phytase. Media with no phosphorus was the negative control. Five yeasts species gave good growth with phosphorus and phytase. Pichia sp. and Candida sp. were outstanding for their phytase growth and pH relations  and stability . It was efficient at acidic pH.

3. The biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using pod of cocoa: antibacterial, paint additive and antioxidant applications. The presenter, Ojo, defined the term nanoparticles. Using the well method nanoparticle and antibiotics were tested against some microbes and this recorded some measure of potentiation. Antioxidant activities were also investigated. After 10 mins colour change was measured. Silver nanoparticles were detected through TEM and FTIR, and UV (428nm). A spherical shape was observed using TEM.  The experiment showed that cocoa pod extract can be a good bio-resource in nano particle production.

4. Elegbede presented the last paper for the conference on the valorization of corn cob by fungal isolates for xylanase production in both submerged and solid substrate. The fungi included Aspergillus flavus and A. fumigatus. The fungal isolates did not produce aflatoxin. The xylanase was good for among others, dough rising. The implication of this is that agro waste like corn cob is an abundant reusable substrate for xylanase which has diverse applications.

Poster presentation was done for the 2 days and prizes were awarded for best posters.

Solution providers ==== Thermosteel,  Inqaba  biotec , and Winelight   were on hand to present their product and services. They also exhibited all their analytical equipment.

The Dean School of Science and Technology, Babcock University delivered the Closing remark.

The conference closed at …3.50 pm WAT.

This summary was written by Prof Dele Fapohunda, who is the Chairman BOT, Mycotoxicology Society of Nigeria and can be reached @sfoodfeedf  Prof Fapohunda


Thursday, 6 July 2017


Researchers have now discovered a new mobile colistin resistance gene, mcr-3, in E. coli of pig origin. The novel mcr-3 gene was discovered when a colistin-resistant Escherichia coli isolate tested negative for both mcr-1 and mcr-2. This novel mobile colistin resistance gene may already be widely disseminated. Screening for the mcr-3 gene should be urgently included in the surveillance of colistin-resistant Gram-negative pathogens from animals, humans, and the environment. Read here


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