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Monday, 27 March 2017

Bad Breath with Antibiotic Resistant Microbes when Orca exhale

Orca Whale surfacing (Image: Pixabay)
When an orca breaks the surface water and exhales, the mighty whale sprays along an array of bacteria, among which some are good and some bad. The new research that published in the journal Scientific Reports focused on the potential role of infectious diseases that are important struggling factors for species getting endangered.

Orcas’ breath samples have unveiled the microbes that are capable of causing disease. Among these microbes, some are multidrug resistant to antibiotics that are mostly used by we human beings. This provides a message with huge impact suggesting how humans are contaminating marine environment.

The study was carried out on four year period that provided array of microorganisms involving bacteria and fungi that are exhaled through orca’s breath. Surprisingly there were healthy microorganisms too, but they are worrisome drug-resistant.

"They're recruiting the bacteria in their habitats," said Stephen Raverty, the study's lead author who is a veterinary pathologist with British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Health Centre in Abbotsford.

Orcas which are immunocompromised can be more susceptible towards such bacteria resulting in respiratory disease.

"These animals are subject to many stressors, which reduce the competence of their immune systems," said marine mammal veterinarian Pete Schroeder, co-author of the paper.

Courtesy: Phys dot Org


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Sunday, 26 March 2017

Top Indian Universities under World Rankings 2017


Where are Indian Universities? (Image: Pixabay)

Among Indian Universities Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore ranks on top with 201 world ranking. Here are the top 10 Indian Universities that took place in World Rankings.


S.No.
World Rank
Name of Institutes
1
201-250
Indian Institute of Science
2
351-400
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
3
401-500
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
4
401-500
Indian Institute of Technology Madras
5
501-600
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
6
501-600
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee
7
501-600
Jadavpur University
8
601-800
Aligarh Muslim University
9
601-800
Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani
10
601-800
University of Calcutta

Find the top University Rankings 2017 here: get data

Top University Rankings of 2016: get data

Previous University Rankings: get data
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World University Rankings 2017

Image from Wikimiedia


Times Higher Education (THE) has published the results of top 980 Universities in the World. THE represented the rankings based on the performance in teaching, knowledge transfer, research and international outlook.

Here are the top 10 Universities from 2017

1. University of Oxford (UK)
2. California University of Technology (US)
3. Stanford University (US)
4. University of Cambridge (UK)
5. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
6. Harvard University (US)
7. Princeton University (US)
8. Imperial College London (UK)
9. ETH Zurich – Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (Switzerland)
10. University of California, Berkeley (US)
10. University of Chicago (US)

Find the full list of 980 Universities here: get data
Find the list of 2016 University Rankings here: get data

Find all the University Rankings here: get data

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