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Sunday, 24 July 2016

Our future home should be designed with microbes

Why should always that a healthy home should be a happy home? It has to be little dirty. This might sound insane but after reading to the recent research published by Yale University researchers you might give a second thought. The research was published recently in the journal Trends in Microbiology.

Jordan Peccia and Sarah Kwan / Trends in Microbiology (Source: Digital Trends)

Sanitization and health are both in correlation unless microbial communities those have proven to immunize people at younger age and keep them healthier during they get old. In an essay titled Buildings, Beneficial Microbes and Health, Jordan Peccia and Sara E. Kwan who are Yale Chemical and Environmental Engineers considered how to foster positive microbial environment within the buildings we live.

“Americans spend 90 percent of our time in buildings, which are covered with bacteria, fungi, pollen, and viruses,” Peccia told Digital Trends. “Understanding how these microbes negatively and beneficially impact our health seems important to me,” he explained, going on to admit that his interest in microbes and living spaces hits close to home: “As a microbial process engineer, it’s the only research topic I’ve worked on that has interested my mother-in-law.”
Communication with microbial organisms starts the moment a baby born. Even some number of microbes does pass through placenta. Soon we start to communicate different microorganisms in our daily life.

“I like the parallel between living on a farm with animals and living in an urban area and owning a dog,” Peccia said. “Bavarian farmers and the Amish have very low asthma rates, and this has been attributed the early life exposure to microbes that originate from farm animals. Scientists are seeing a similar relationship with dog ownership. A child is less likely to develop allergies if she or he is exposed to a dog in early life. Another study found that symptoms in mice with allergies could be reduced if you gave them dust from a house that contained a dog.”

Currently further research has to be framed about how engineers and architectures can design our home accordingly.

“I believe that the path forward will be to clearly identify which microbes are beneficial and uncover their sources,” he said. “And then use tools like aerosol physics and mathematical models to understand how behaviours such as increasing outdoor ventilation or using different building materials govern human exposure to good and bad microbes.”



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